The construction of a written scientific research paper should be done with a few generally-accepted guidelines in mind. The purpose of these guidelines is to prepare a clearly outlined paper that asks a question and then logically leads to the answer through theoretical and experimental analysis.
Please follow them to avoid a row of critical mistakes and stick to a well-organized structure.
A generally-accepted structure of your paper will typically consist of the following sections: Title Page, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements, References, Tables and Table Captions, Figures and Figure Captions.
First start with the Methods section that will largely be derived from your research phase. Take all the tables and figures and based on them write the Results section. Get back to the main question of your paper and write the Introduction. Then based on the Introduction section and Results write Discussion. Sum everything up in the Abstract.
Here are the detailed descriptions of each section:
Write a title of your paper, it should be short and understandable. Indicate an author name and the institution you write this paper for. Add the year and country of your research.
Do not write abstracts that are longer than 200 words. The first sentence should clearly define the objective of your analysis. If you base your analysis on the hypothesis, provide it in the abstract as well. Add information about the methods used for conducting the analysis and the results of your research. Conclude your abstract with the significance of the results you acquired and the importance of your research for science.
This section requires a brief overview of the materials used in the study. Start with general topics and then focus on the core question. Write approximately three or four paragraphs. Introduce the audience to the general topic and give information about how the field can be improved. Explain the approach you used to test the hypothesis. Conclude your introduction with the statements about the impact your answers will have on this particular field of science.
Describe the methods you used in the course of your research. Split different methods into different paragraphs. Provide key techniques and procedures you used. Make your descriptions very concise. If any modelling components have been used, they should be explained too. If statistical analysis has been performed, describe it in the last section.
In this section, show your research data in the form of tables and figures. The main figures, such as the number of samples, the index of central tendency, index of dispersion should be provided. Refer to each table and figure used in the paper.
It is probably the most complicated part of the research paper. If you analyse a hypothesis in your paper, use the results to compose a strong argument that either rejects or supports this hypothesis. If you previously provided different objectives of your work, define these objectives with the help of the results.
Start your Discussion section with a short overview of your project. Dwell upon the hypothesis you’ve used and sum up the key findings. Define those that were the most significant in the Results section and compare them to some possible weaknesses in the field.
Start with introducing the work that has been done and define the key results obtained. Provide key points from the discussion section. Add your own considerations about the contribution of this research paper into the particular field of science.
Briefly acknowledge the contribution of any consultants or participants who are not indicated as the authors of this paper.
Provide all the materials and resources that you used and cited in the text. Choose the references carefully to make sure you include the materials that either motivate or support your analysis. Use the reference format that is accepted by your institution.
Do not copy materials from the resources you don’t cite. Make sure all your sources are reliable and you do not use someone’s words as your own. The research paper thus should not contain previously written text unless you provide a citation.